3 Win Physics Nobel for Advances in Topology

A national library employee shows the gold Nobel Prize medal in 2015 awarded to the late novelist Gabriel Garcia Marquez, in Bogota, Colombia. Photo: Fernando Vergara / Associated Press

STOCKHOLM, Sweden — David Thouless, Duncan Haldane and Michael Kosterlitz have been awarded this year’s Nobel Prize in physics.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on Tuesday cited their “theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.”